Important Tunnels in Jammu and Kashmir for Competition Exams

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List of Road Tunnels in Jammu and Kashmir (Source Wikipedia)

  • Jawahar Tunnel
  • Banihal Qazigund Road Tunnel
  • Nandni tunnels
  • Pir Panjal Railway Tunnel
  • Zoji-la Tunnel
  • Z-Morh Tunnel
  • Atal Tunnel
  • Chattergala Tunnel

Detailed List of Tunnels in Jammu and Kashmir

Shyama Prasad Mukherjee Tunnel

J&K’s Chenani-Nashri Tunnel renamed as Shyama Prasad Mukherjee Tunnel.

The ”Shyama Prasad Mukherjee Tunnel” is not only India’s longest highway tunnel but also Asia’s longest bi-directional highway tunnel.

The tunnel is 9 km long officially making it the longest road tunnel in India. It is a two-lane main tunnel with a parallel escape tunnel of the same length located at an elevation of 1200 meters.

It is located in the lower Himalayan mountain range, between Udhampur and Ramban in Jammu & Kashmir.

Tunnels in Jammu and Kashmir
Source: Internet

 Banihal Qazigund Road Tunnel

The 8.5 km (5.3 mi) road tunnel at elevation of 1,790 m (5,870 ft) in the Pir Panjal range in the Indian union territory of Jammu and Kashmir connecting Banihal and Qazigund.
It is a double tube tunnel consisting of two parallel tunnels – one for each direction of travel. Each tunnel is 7 m (23 ft) wide and has two lanes of road. The two tunnels are interconnected by a passage every 500 m (1,600 ft) for maintenance and emergency evacuation. The tunnel will have forced ventilation for extracting smoke and stale air and infusing fresh air. It will have state of the art monitoring and control systems for security. It is expected that vehicles will have to pay a toll to use the tunnel. It is all-weather tunnel (Banihal Qazigund Road Tunnel)

Banihal Qazigund tunnel
Source: Internet

Jawahar Tunnel

Jawahar Tunnel also called Banihal Tunnel or Banihal Pass is a road tunnel in Indian union territory of Jammu and Kashmir. Named after the first Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru, it was constructed for round-the-year surface transport between 1954 and 1956. The Jawahar tunnel has been operational since 22 December 1956. The length of tunnel is 2.85 km (1.77 mi). It has one lane road in either direction. It is situated between Banihāl and Qazigund on NH 1A that has been renumbered NH 44. The tunnel facilitates round-the-year road connectivity between Srinagar and Jammu.

Jawahar tunnel
Source: Internet

Nandni tunnels


Nandni tunnels are the series of four highway tunnels built under Nandni wild life sanctuary on Jammu-Srinagar National Highway in Udhampur district, Jammu and Kashmir. At a combined length of 1.4 km, (coordinates: 32.8525°N 74.9581°E)

The tunnels have reduced the distance and travel time between Jammu and Srinagar by bypassing 6.8 km of rugged Mountainous area with 3.6 km of with straight bridges and tunnels.

They were built by Afcons Infrastructure a subsidiary of the Shapoorji Pallonji Group.

Nandini Tunnel
Source: Internet

Pir Panjal Railway Tunnel

Pir Panjal (or T-80) is India’s longest transportation railway tunnel measuring 11.2km long. The tunnel link, which is the only broad gauge mountain railway in India, stretches through the Pir Panjal mountain range between Quazigund and Baramulla in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.

The tunnel section is a part of the 202km Udhampur – Srinagar – Baramulla rail link project undertaken by the Northern Railways. It operates 440m below the existing Jawahar Tunnel, which is the only road link from the region to the rest of India.

The tunnel is part of the 119km Quazigund to Baramulla railway line which became operational in October 2009. The Pir Panjal tunnel reduced the distance between Quazigund in the north to Banihal in the south to just 11km. It will take about six minutes to cover the distance…

Pir Panjal Tunnel
Source: Internet

You can also check List of rivers in India

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